In the family Dioscoreaceae, there are more than 600 species of flowering plants in the genus Dioscorea, native to tropical and warm temperate regions all over the world. A monk named Charles Plumier named the genus after the ancient Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides. It is native to Africa, Asia, and Oceania but can be cultivated to any region with warm and moist weather conditions.
They are perennial tuberous herbaceous lianas which grow to a height of two to twelve meters tall or even more. Leaf shapes vary, but most have a broad heart shape or are elongated elephant leaves. The flowers are small, greenish-yellow colored bearing six petallets. The fruit is either a capsule or a soft berry depending on the species.
Despite their slow growth, these plants live for decades when given ideal conditions and are able to be passed down from generation to generation. Proper care can prolong the life of these plants by up to seventy years. Visit the Botanic Zone Id to make a great purchase.
Although they prefer full sun, they can also thrive in partial shade. Nevertheless, they maintain their best appearance in direct sunlight, as do most succulents that enjoy lots of light.
Warm climates and temperatures are best for this extraordinary plant. It is recommended that you keep your plant at 18°C or above to ensure its better growth and development.
In order to avoid getting excessively wet, these plants need a potting soil that is porous, well-drained. It is very important to provide the roots of your ornamental plants with proper drainage since humid areas are more likely to cause root rot. Therefore, use organic soil mixed with barking material such as orchid bark, and peat.
Plants of the Dioscorea genus require regular watering, as do most succulents. It is important to keep them dry and avoid keeping them damp, as other tropical plants may suffer from root rot. Before watering your magnificent plant again, allow the soil to get almost dry.
Is Dioscorea toxic?
It is highly toxic for both animals and humans upon consumption. Saponins are found in all parts of the plants. They can therefore lead to severe poisoning in children or pets when consumed. You should keep your Dioscorea plant out of the reach of your children and pets if you grow it indoors.
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